Man is Nothing Else But What He Makes of Himself: Explanation

The quote by Jean-Paul Sartre, “Man is nothing else but what he makes of himself,” is a powerful statement that speaks to the fundamental belief of existentialism. It suggests that individuals are not predetermined or defined by their circumstances, but rather, have the power to shape their own lives and define their own existence. This concept can be both empowering and daunting, as it puts the responsibility for one’s life squarely on their own shoulders. In this blog post, we will explore the meaning of this quote in more detail and consider how it can inform our own lives.

Man is Nothing Else But What He Makes of Himself

The Power of Human Agency

At the heart of Sartre’s quote is the idea that humans possess an innate power of agency, the ability to act independently and make choices that shape their own lives. According to existentialist thought, this agency is what separates humans from other beings and gives us the ability to create our own meaning and purpose in life.

However, with great power comes great responsibility. The power to shape our own lives means that we must take responsibility for our choices and their consequences. This can be a daunting prospect, but it also provides a sense of freedom and autonomy that is essential to a fulfilling life.

The Influence of Social and Cultural Factors

While Sartre’s quote emphasizes the power of the individual to shape their own life, it is important to acknowledge that social and cultural factors also play a role in shaping our identities and experiences. Our family, education, social status, and cultural background all contribute to our sense of self and influence the choices we make.

However, existentialism argues that while these factors may shape our lives to some extent, they do not determine our destiny. We still have the power to choose how we respond to our circumstances and shape our own identity.

Overcoming Existential Angst

Sartre’s quote is not without its challenges. The responsibility for shaping our own lives can lead to feelings of anxiety and uncertainty, especially if we are unsure of what we want or how to achieve it. This is often referred to as existential angst, a sense of dread or uncertainty about the meaning of life and our place in it.

However, existentialists argue that this angst can also be an opportunity for growth and self-discovery. By embracing the responsibility to shape our own lives, we are forced to confront our fears and take action to create the life we want.

Finding Purpose and Meaning in Life

Once we have overcome our existential angst and have accepted our freedom and responsibility, the next step is to find purpose and meaning in our lives. Sartre believed that humans are not born with a predetermined purpose or meaning in life. Instead, it is up to each individual to create their own purpose and meaning through their choices and actions.

For Sartre, the search for meaning and purpose in life is not easy. It requires us to face the uncertainty and ambiguity of the world, and to make difficult choices that reflect our values and beliefs. We must also be willing to take risks and embrace our freedom, even when it is uncomfortable or challenging.

However, the rewards of finding purpose and meaning in life are significant. When we have a clear sense of purpose, we feel more fulfilled and motivated. We are able to make meaningful contributions to the world and to connect with others who share our values and goals.

There are many ways to find purpose and meaning in life. Some people find it through their work, while others find it through their relationships, hobbies, or creative pursuits. Some find it through spirituality or a sense of connection to something greater than themselves.

Whatever path we choose, it is important to remember that our search for meaning and purpose is ongoing. It is not a one-time event, but a process that evolves and changes over time. As we grow and develop as individuals, our sense of purpose and meaning may shift, and that is okay.


Jean-Paul Sartre’s quote “Man is nothing else but what he makes of himself” speaks to the power of human agency and the responsibility we have to shape our own lives. While social and cultural factors may influence our experiences, existentialism argues that we have the power to choose our own destiny and create our own sense of meaning and purpose. This can be a daunting prospect, but it also provides a sense of freedom and autonomy that is essential to a fulfilling life. By embracing this responsibility, we can overcome existential angst and create the life we truly want.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *